法律新闻

NEWS LETTER

最高法出台司法解释 规范相关法院处分查封财产问题

最高法出台司法解释 规范相关法院处分查封财产问题

 

SPC Regulates Disposal of Seized Property by Relevant Courts

2016年4月12日,最高人民法院公布了《关于首先查封法院与优先债权执行法院处分查封财产有关问题的批复》(《批复》),自2016年4月14日起施行。


 
 
 

《批复》明确,执行过程中,应当由首先查封、扣押、冻结(以下简称查封)法院负责处分查封财产,但已进入其他法院执行程序的债权对查封财产有顺位在先的担保物权、优先权(该债权以下简称优先债权),自首先查封之日起已超过60日,且首先查封法院尚未就该查封财产发布拍卖公告或者进入变卖程序的,优先债权执行法院可以要求将该查封财产移送执行。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
《批复》首次明确优先债权执行法院可以申请移送查封财产的处分权,有利于督促首封法院加速对查封财产的处分,提高执行案件的办案效率,同时也有利于保障优先债权人的权益。
 On April 12, 2016, the Supreme People's Court ("SPC") promulgated the Official Reply to Issues concerning the Disposal of Seized Property by Courts First Enforcing the Seizure and Those Executing Priority Claims (the "Reply") with effect as of April 14, 2016.

The Reply specifies that in the execution process, the courts first enforcing the seizure, detainment or freeze (the "seizure") of the property in question shall be responsible for the relevant disposal; but for the claims with the real right for security to get repaid first or priority against the seized property ("priority claims") involved in the execution procedures of any other courts, where at least 60 days have lapsed as of the date of first seizure, and the courts first enforcing the seizure have not yet issued an auction announcement on such seized property or brought such seized property into selling procedures, the courts executing priority claims may require the transfer of such seized property for execution.
 
The reply first clarifies that courts executing priority claims can apply to transfer the seizure property, which not only promote the courts enforcing the seizure to dispose the seizure property and improve the handling efficiency, but also ensure the interests of the priority creditors.